In a zoning plan, the local authorities legally stipulate what can happen to the space in their town or city. Among other things it explains where electricity production systems (such as wind turbines) and businesses can be located, how big the buildings can be and what the user options of land and buildings are. When the proposed project does not fit within the prevailing zoning plan, the competent authorities may decide to adopt a new zoning plan or zoning plan amendment for that project.
For A zoning plan or zoning plan amendment can consists of the following elements:
- The explanation accounts for the different types of designated use in the plan, instigated by the characteristics of a district, for instance, the plans for the location and the results of the environmental study. However, an explanation also contains the legal plan section: an explanation of the way in which (double) designated uses are used and an indication of the corresponding legal regulations. The explanation of a zoning plan largely corresponds with the contents of a reasoned planning exemption;
- The visualisation is a digital representation of the zoning area, showing the (double) designated uses, function and area indications and dimensions, linked to a specific location (geographic positioning). The designated uses are predominantly based on the preferred possibilities in the plan, with good spatial planning as precondition;
- The rules contain the legal regulations for the various (double) intended uses and indications. Among other things, the rules indicate if new developments are allowed, what they are and how they are built and what the possibilities of use are. The rules may lay down the maximum construction height of structures (wind turbines), but also the corresponding degree of flexibility.